What are the 7 principles of ethics in research?

Ethical principles of research

Justice requires that cases considered similar be treated similarly, and that cases considered different be treated in a way that recognizes the difference. When the principle of justice is applied to dependent or vulnerable persons, its most important aspect is the rules of distributive justice. Studies should be planned so as to obtain knowledge that benefits the group of people from which the participants are representative: those who bear the burden of participation should receive an appropriate benefit, and the group that is to benefit should bear an equitable share of the risks and burden of the study.

General ethical principles can be applied both individually and at the community level. At the individual level (microethics), ethics governs how one person should relate to another and the moral claims of each member of a community. At the community level, ethics applies to how one community relates to another, and how a community treats each of its members (including contingent members) and members of other groups with different cultural values (macroethics). Procedures that are unethical at one level cannot be justified simply because they are considered ethically acceptable at the other level.

What are the principles of research ethics?

Research ethics is based on the following three fundamental principles: Respect for persons. Beneficence. Justice.

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What are the 5 ethical principles?

These are: respect, fairness, responsibility, honesty and freedom.

What are the 4 fundamental principles of professional ethics?

According to Beauchamp and Childress (2001), four principles are implicit in professional ethics: beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy and justice.

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Transparency and communication of important data and information for the community is a basic principle, being aware that opacity and lack of clarity are fertile ground for improper practices and behaviors.

It is recognized that the phenomenon of corruption, in any of its forms, can cause serious and negative social, reputational, economic and civil effects, and can harm companies and the people who work in them.

The importance of implementing internal whistleblowing systems in companies regarding possible irregularities and/or non-compliance by employees/suppliers of a company with internal rules and regulations governing their activities is recognized, guaranteeing the confidentiality of the identity of the whistleblower.

What are the three fundamental principles of ethics?

Three basic principles, among those generally accepted in our cultural tradition, are particularly relevant to the ethics of human research; they are: respect for persons, benefit and justice.

What is the role of research ethics committees?

The Research Ethics Committee is an autonomous, institutional, interdisciplinary, plural and consultative collegiate body created to evaluate and rule on research protocols involving human subjects.

What are the 6 principles of ethics?

Moral integrity, honesty, good faith, respect for others and the environment, and honesty in daily business must inspire the conduct of the company’s activities.

What are the ethical principles

Ethics comprises the moral principles that a person should follow, regardless of place or time. Ethical behavior involves doing the right thing at the right time.  Research ethics focuses on the moral principles that researchers should follow in their respective fields of research.

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Ethical decision making in academic research focuses on providing maximum benefits to participants. Following ethical principles is indeed crucial to maintaining research integrity.

Research misconduct can have serious consequences. For example, surgeon Paolo Macchiarini conducted experiments on patients without solid preclinical data. He worked on artificial trachea transplantation in several patients, which proved to be groundbreaking in medical history. However, it was all based on lies and fabricated data. Most of the patients who participated in his trial (seven out of nine) died. He altered his published results to make it appear that his trachea transplant work was more successful than it actually was. This was a severe consequence of violating research ethics.

What are ethical principles?

The so-called ethical principles can be seen as the fundamental decision criteria that the members of a scientific or professional community must consider in their deliberations on what should or should not be done in each of the situations they face in their professional work.

What are the principles?

The principles are the set of values, beliefs and norms that guide and regulate the life of the organization. … These principles are manifested and become a reality in our culture, in our way of being, thinking and conducting ourselves.

What are the principles of social morality?

Lichtenberg points out that morality consists of four principles: the “philosophical”, which calls for doing good for its own sake, out of respect for the laws; the “religious”, which indicates doing the will of God; the “human”, which is done because one’s own well-being requires it, that is, out of self-love; and finally, the “political” …

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We begin by talking about respect because it is, most probably, one of the first ethical values we acquire in childhood. Respect is nothing more and nothing less than the basis on which people relate to each other and the way to share interests and needs in any context: work, family, friendships, studies…

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Among the ethical values, honesty is the one that is most closely related to the rest: with values such as truth, justice and respect. Honesty is to live according to how we think and feel, to be coherent with our thinking and way of life, and to relate in this way with the world around us, the things that happen to us and the rest of human beings. Some good examples are to accept one’s own mistake or recognize the merits of others, a cartoon movie like Shrek (Andrew Adamson and Vicky Jenson, 2001) is a good example of this, where our protagonist does what he should and is sincere with himself and with the rest even with the context against him.

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