What is a global sanctions and enforcement check?
UN Sanctions List
Each Member State has one or more supervisory authorities responsible for ensuring the implementation and enforcement of the GDPR. Among the different competences attributed to them by the Regulation is the corrective power, which includes the power to sanction those activities that infringe the provisions of the GDPR.
By way of conclusion, and as can be seen from the different examples given, it cannot be said that there is a numerus clausus of grounds on which the European authorities can make use of their ius puniendi, since there can be as many sanctions as there are breaches of the regulation. However, from the reading of the different sanctions imposed we can extract those main reasons where the control authorities are putting the focus at the time of sanctioning:
We started this article by referring to the high fines that the different companies that have had to assume for non-compliance with the GDPR. However, this fact may not seem distant and isolated to our reality, since the GDPR and its sanctioning regime are being applied by the different European control authorities regardless of the business category, the sector to which it belongs or the volume of business. This is evidenced by the almost 200 sanctions imposed on different European organizations or the €117,000,000 accumulated by the different sanctions in the field of data protection. Although we have witnessed millionaire fines, we cannot forget that with the new system, the punishment for infringing European regulations may involve much higher penalties.
Sanctions applied by the un to countries that violate human rights
Since 1963, the General Assembly has elaborated thirteen “sectoral” conventions on counter-terrorism, the most recent of which is the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism. This convention entered into force on July 6, 2007.
The Security Council began dealing with terrorism in the early 1990s. Its action at that time consisted mainly in the adoption of sanctions against States suspected of being linked to certain terrorist acts. In 1999, Resolution 1269 called on all countries to work together to prevent and suppress all terrorist acts and provided for the intensification of the Security Council’s counter-terrorism efforts, which became effective after September 11, 2001.
UNSC Resolution 1267 created a first counter-terrorism tool in 1999: the 1267 Committee, a subsidiary body of the Council. This Committee is responsible for the implementation of the sanctions decreed by this resolution, such as travel bans, freezing of capitals, arms embargoes. The Committee is also responsible for the implementation of sanctions against individuals and entities linked to the Taliban and Al Qaeda, as listed in a specific list.
UN sanctions against countries
On December 7, 2020, the European Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2020/1999, which establishes a framework for targeted restrictive measures to address serious violations and abuses of human rights worldwide.
Growing concern about issues such as the climate crisis, poverty or discrimination is driving society to accelerate change towards a more sustainable world. Find out what companies are doing to adapt and make customers fall in love.
On December 5, 2019, Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) published standard 207 (Tax Standard) relating to taxes. This new standard standardizes the disclosure of information relating to the tax approach to tax governance and control, risk management and stakeholder engagement.
What are the sanctions under international law?
The commission of environmental offenses in the areas of forestry, environmental impact, marine resources, wildlife and federal maritime-terrestrial zone, may constitute the imposition of sanctions ranging from administrative to criminal.
Violations to the precepts of the General Law of Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection (LGEEPA), its regulations and the dispositions that emanate from it will be sanctioned with one or more of the following sanctions:
-Fine -Temporary or definitive closure, total or partial, whena) There is no compliance with the corrective measures or urgent application ordered b) In cases of recidivism when the infractions generate negative effects to the environmentc) It is repeated disobedience, on three or more occasions -Administrative arrest for up to 36 hours -The confiscation of the instruments, specimens, products or by-products directly related -The suspension or revocation of the concessions, licenses, permits or authorizations.