Why is there an arms embargo on Somalia?

Why is there an arms embargo on Somalia?

Olga Wornat Hijas decided to disconnect Hugo Chávez.

– having regard to the statement by the African Union Mission in Somalia (Amisom) of 8 November 2017 announcing its intention to begin a phased withdrawal of troops from Somalia from December 2017 with a view to a full withdrawal by 2020,

I.    whereas freedom of expression remains severely restricted and journalists and human rights defenders are subject to threats and arbitrary arrests and deprived of due process and fair trial; whereas regional and federal authorities have shut down some media outlets; whereas the authorities rarely investigate cases of killings or attacks against journalists or prosecute their perpetrators;

L.    whereas Somalia remains one of the most dangerous African countries for trade unionists, against whom acts of violence and intimidation are systematically committed; whereas Somali workers are constantly denied their fundamental human and labor rights, their health and safety at work is regularly threatened, and their work is poorly remunerated, including by foreign contractors;

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General Information : The Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia (hereinafter “the Committee”) monitors the sanctions imposed by the Security Council.

All Member States should implement the arms embargo on all supplies of arms and military equipment to Somalia, including a ban on the financing of all purchases and supplies of arms and military equipment, and the direct or indirect provision to Somalia of technical advice, financial and other assistance and training related to military activities, until the Council decides otherwise.

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All Member States should take the necessary measures to prevent the direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms and military equipment, and the direct or indirect provision of technical assistance or training, financial and other assistance, including investment, brokering services or other financial services related to military activities or to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture, maintenance or use of arms and military equipment to persons or entities designated by the Committee.

DW English

The Somali government had called for the repeal of the arms embargo, a proposal supported by the United States although other members of the Security Council feared that a total repeal of this restriction would lead to an uncontrollable flow of weapons into the African country.

“Yes there are significant challenges but we are now moving from a situation based on the confidence of the international community to international support for the government’s efforts to address its own problems,” said Lyall Grant.

In addition, the Security Council resolution stipulates that the Somali government or the country selling the arms must notify the Security Council “at least five days in advance” and detail the type of arms and the specific destination.

“The progress achieved does not justify for now the lifting of the arms embargo,” defended the Guatemalan ambassador to the UN, Gert Rosenthal, after the approval of the resolution. “We believe that the Security Council should have adopted a phased approach to avoid possible repercussions of an abrupt suspension of the embargo that could consequently compromise the stabilization of Somalia,” he explained.

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Africa 7 days

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Articles 42(4) and 43(2) thereof,Having regard to the proposal from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,Whereas:

The United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, signed on 20 December 1988, provides that Parties shall cooperate to the fullest extent possible to eliminate illicit traffic by sea, in accordance with the International Law of the Sea.

On November 15, 2019, the United Nations Security Council reaffirmed in its Resolution 2498 (2019) that, for the purpose of bringing peace and stability to Somalia, all States should implement an embargo on arms and military equipment to Somalia, initially imposed in paragraph 5 of its Resolution 733 (1992) and paragraphs 1 and 2 of its Resolution 1425 (2002).

In its Resolution 2498 (2019), the UN Security Council further condemned all charcoal exports from Somalia in contravention of the total ban on the export of charcoal, and reaffirmed its decision regarding the ban on the import and export of Somali charcoal, set out in paragraph 22 of its Resolution 2036 (2012) and paragraphs 11-21 of its Resolution 2182 (2014).

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